Articles and Comments - Geography and Outdoors / Navigation and Maps.

Learn how to navigate using maps, a compass, gps systems or simply by observing natural formations. Find your way whenever you get lost in the wilderness.

Henry the Navigator - Dom Henrique de Avis was born on March 4, 1394; until his death on November 30, 1460 he achieved many things of importance for the history of mankind; he was a Prince and an explorer, and he is still remembered as Henry the Navigator.

The Treasure Ships - Only few times you will be able to get significant prizes without significant efforts: during the thirteenth century China had the most advanced naval and marine technology in the world, and as the ancient nation was attempting to expand its dominions and power, it began to develop oceanic commerce but had to make very significant investments in engineering and the construction of enormous shipyards.

Aviators And Observers - Whenever a small aircraft is used for reconnaisance and observation, no matter what the purpose may be, some precautions should be taken into account.

Always Carry A Backup Compass, It Is A Matter Of Survival - A compass is not very costly, and carrying one as a backup tool may prove essential for survival if our primary navigation systems suffers a malfunction when we need it most.

Do We Tend To Deviate From Our Path As We Walk And Navigate? - Although it is true that as we move and navigate thorough any kind of terrain errors accumulate, there is not a single reason that explains why we cannot navigate in perfectly straight lines.

The Heterodoxy Of Hawaii - Contrarily to common beliefs related to the islands, the original physiognomy of Hawaii was very different to today's popular images, and there are other weird things related to them that only a few know.

Navigating With Your Brains - Oceanic or long-range navigation over the water always requires two things: suitable vessels and good means to establish positions and courses.

Visual Navigation Should Remain A Visual Business - Following the shortest route while performing any sort of navigation may sound tempting, it may even sound as plain common sense to other people, but you, as the navigator are the only person that should have the last word.

Estimate distances correctly using a map and your view - Wilderness tips and advice: estimate distances correctly using a map and your view.

Adventure tips: maps for all. - About maps and your trekking companions.

Whistles for all - Whistles as survival tools.

Trekking tips: look at the starts - Look at the stars for fun, knowledge and safety.

Using a compass - Beware of magnetic variations produced by iron deposits.

Magnetic declination - A brief explanation on magnetic declination.

Navigating in a bamboo or cane forest - How to find your way when you are lost in a bamboo or cane forest.

L-21 LV-ARH - Instrument Panel - Pictures and notes on the instrument panel of aircraft L-21 LV-ARH.

PA-11 LV-YMI - Instrument Panel - Pictures and notes on the instrument panel of aircraft PA-11 LV-YMI.

Geography and Outdoors / Navigation and Maps / Global Positioning Systems (GPS) - We show you here some examples to teach you how to navigate thorough all sorts of terrain, either using instruments or your own skills for survival.

Regions, Continents and Countries - Articles, essays, comments and tales about different regions, continents and countries of the world dealing in each with case aspects of their society, culture, economy, geography, folklore, history, regional products, sports and outdoor activities, and other things of interest fot any traveller.

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Outdoors / Survival - Articles based on real-life experiences. Practical and theoretical advice on survival in several levels of difficulty and diverse environments: polar zones, forests, forest, deserts, seas and oceans, extreme and hazardous sports, etc.

Outdoor Activities / Exploration and Expeditions - Whether your interest lies within expeditions and trips or you want to learn about different uncharted places, tricks of the trade and possibilities, start reading this section.


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