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A family of merchants and academics that prospered for a while in Russia.
"Discretion is the greater part of valor." - Proverb.
Neumark is a Jewish family name of German origin. The family extended over several countries, including today;s Austria, Poland, Germany, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania. In the territory of the Russian Empire, at least one branch located in Mogilev and its surroundings - In today's Belarus -, prospered as merchants and college graduates during the last decades of the XIX century.
The surname ostensibly originated in Neumark / Nowa Marchia, a region of Ostbrandenburg that after 1945 became part of Poland. Other Jewish families such as Soldin and Sternberg seem to have originated there as well. Most Neumarks of the XIX and early XX centuries were found in east Europe.
However, the oldest mention found so far about this family is that of Naftali Hirsch Neumark - Mirels[1.475], who died in 1620 in Fulda, Germany, albeit the dates regarding his life and that of his father are still not clear, and there are some discrepancies that need to be sorted out. Naftali Hirsch was a direct descendant of the Maharal of Prague. He was also a direct descendant of Yosef Benveniste[1.476] and Yom Tov Heller - Wallerstein[1.477]. It is reasonable to assume that the name Neumark was acquired around the end of the XVI century, possibly as the result of migration of Jews to Ostbrandenburg.
The details of the connections between the Mogilev Neumark family and Naftali Hirsch are still unknown, but they are there for sure: Yom Tov is my 16th great grandfather following other paths on the family tree. So, as expected, the Neumark family, given its known familiar associations, has been part the "unbroken chain" for quite a while.
Mark Aronovich Naimark, born in 1909 in Odessa, Ukraine, became a famous mathematician. He was evacuated to Tashkent before the Romanins and Germans perpetrated the infamous Odessa massacre and survived the war. He died in 1978. Nazis planned to exterminate nearly 70% percent of the population in Ukraine, while the non-Jewish survivors were destined to be treated as slaves. Any Jewish survivor would of course, be killed on sight.
In Mogilev the Neumark family was tightly related to the Drankin family (See Edronkin); it was common that members of both families used both names indistinctly. At the time, regions of the Russian Empire such as today's Belarus frequently experienced pogroms and other forms of persecution.
In Mogilev - in today's Belarus - the Neumark family used indistinctly the family names Drankin and Neumark (See Edronkin) and therefore, its members and familiar links at least in that city and its surroundings should be considered the same for both families.
The Mogilev branch of the Neumark family was related to families like Baevskii, Balter, Drankin (Edronkin), Drukarov, Epstein, Goldin, Granat, Gurevich, Katok, Khaikin, Klebanov, Lejkin, Lifschitz, Litvik (Litvak), Soloveitchik, Zilberman.
A: Abraham, Abrams, Abramowicz, Achram, Ader, Adronatiyev, Alabaster, Albert, Albiter, Alifeld, Altman, Angres, Ansbacher, Apel, Aron, Aronstein, Aschendorf, Astrakhan, Aszkhenazi, Auda, Auerbach, Ayzeberg, Azbel.
B: Baevskii, Bakhter, Bajes, Balter, Bar - Eli, Barber, Barl, Barmash, Baron, Barta, Batawia, Baruth, Bauman, Bayevskiy, Becker, Behrmann, Belfer, Benjamin, Berger, Bergson, Bernheimer, Besproswanny, Bickart, Bielorai, Biezuner, Bikoff, Birger, Birnstiel, Bitner, Blat, Bloch, Blumenfarb, Bohm, Bolotina, Bonne, Borenstein, Brainin, Brama, Brandes, Brauer, Braun, Bravmann, Bril, Brodek, Broder, Broderzon, Bromberg, Bromberger, Bronshtein, Buchler, Buksenbaum, Bursztyn.
C: Camnitzer, Cetiskis, Chanskovski, Charkow, Cherep, Cherman, Chesni, Ciechanowski, Coutts, Cukier, Cwajg, Cymerman.
D: Dalberg, Dambrowicz, Dambrowski, Daniel, Danielski, Dauerman, David, Dawidson, Dembinski, Denemark, Devries, Dornberg, Drankin, Drabkin, Drenger, Drapkin, Dreyfus, Drukarov, Dvorkin.
E: Eberlin, Ehrenfeld, Eidelman, Einhorn, Einstein, Eisner, Eizenbat, Eizenbud, Eizenshtat, Elkanus, Emdin, Emir, Entin, Epstein, Erster, Eschitzer, Eskin.
F: Faiman, Fainburg, Falkowski, Feferman, Feinberg, Feingold, Feist, Feuchtwanger, Fogel, Forelle, Fox, Finkelstein, Fiszer, Fraenkel, Fraier, Fraitak, Frajdenreich, Frajnd, Frank, Frankenstein, Freidenberg, Fremder, Freudenthal, Freuder, Fribourg, Fride, Fridlender, Fridman, Fuchs, Fürst, Fulda.
G: Gabel, Galanter, Galewska, Garb, Garber, Gelbard, Gewer, Gerber, Gindel, Gindina, Ginzburg, Gisha, Gitelev, Glaz, Glezer, Glickstein, Gold, Goldberg, Goldin, Goldkorn, Goldschmidt, Goldstein, Goldvaser, Gorodner, Gotlib, Guitin, Gulan, Guldmann, Guslitser, Gurevich, Granat, Graubert, Grinberg, Gritengendler, Grodzenski, Grosman, Gross, Grossmeier, Grumantel, Grunfeld, Gruszka, Grünberg, Gulyan, Gurevich, Gurfinkel, Gvirtzman.
H: Halphen, Hamburger, Haller, Halpern, Hamburger, Hart, Hauptmann, Heidenheim, Hein, Heller, Helft, Hendel, Herstein, Hirsch, Holand, Hornfeld, Horowitz.
I: Immerglick, Insel, Iofe, Iosman, Isenberg, Itunin.
J: Jacob, Jacoby, Jolles, Joseph, Jottkowitz, Justman.
K: Kabos, Kaminar, Kaminski, Kantor, Kaplan, Karpeles, Katok, Katz, Kaufer, Kaufman, Kavash, Kawior, Keila, Kempner, Kessler, Khaikin, Kheifets, Kiefe, Kirshstein, Klein, Klebanov, Klibanski, Klodawski, Kluger, Klyachko, Koch, Kogan, Kohn, Kopelovitz, Koppel, Kosobutzki, Kotlicki, Kovalski, Kormes, Kornberg, Königsberg, Krajanka, Kron, Kronenberg, Kruch, Kunin, Kuperman, Kuritzky, Kwiatek.
L: Labert, Ladner, Laemmle, Landau, Lancman, Landsman, Langer, Lapatukhin, Laufer, Lavochkin, Lederman, Lehmann, Lejkin, Lemberger, Lerman, Leszczyna, Levine, Levinson, Leuchter, Levy, Lewitan, Lewkowicz, Liberman, Libhaber, Lichtenstein, Lichtman, Lidith, Lifschitz, Lilienthal, Linder, Lishchinker, Litvik, Litvin, Löwenstein, Löwi, Lubelski, Lucow, Luria, Lustig, Luxemburg.
M: Makler, Makower, Maler, Malkin, Malz, Mandelbaum, Mansdorf, Manovill, Marcia, Marcuschewitsch, Marduk, Margulies, Markov, Marx, Maze, Mazia, Medresh, Melnik, Mendelevich, Mendelssohn, Meisels, Mendel, Merelman, Merzbacher, Meyer, Migdal, Minc, Minuchin, Mirels, Model, Mostowicz, Mundlak, Myasnikov.
N: Najdorf, Nejman, Nelken, Neuburger, Neufeld, Neumaier, Neustadt, Nicberg, Nirenberg, Nora, Nordheimer, Nuta.
O: Oberfeld, Obermayer, Oberndorfer, Oftman, Okon, Orenstein, Orschitzer, Oury, Orzech.
P: Paikin, Pakman, Parasol, Parizer, Parizh, Perec, Perelmuter, Peters, Pesin, Pichkel, Pinkusowicz, Pistol, Plotkin, Polak, Pomeranc, Popkoff, Praver, Pruzanski.
R: Rabinowitz, Rabofsky, Rafk, Ranzepolsky, Rapaport, Raskin, Redlich, Reinarc, Reisch, Reizman, Richter, Rodcoff, Rofman, Rojtman, Rosen, Rosenbaum, Rosenberg, Rosenfeld, Rotenbaum, Rotenberg, Rotkirch, Rotner, Rozencwejg, Rozyna, Rozinov, Rubin, Rubinczyk, Rubinski, Rubinstein, Rzezak.
S: Sachs, Safran, Salgo, Salins, Salomon, Salovyov, Sames, Sandman, Sapirsztajn, Sauerberg, Scheffer, Schlessinger, Schloss, Schlossberg, Schneur, Schorr, Schönfeld, Schubert, Shulhoff, Schuster, Schwab, Segal, Serebryanski, Shapiro, Sheiman, Sheinis, Shektman, Shemeyno, Shenior, Shenn, Sher, Shibek, Shiffman, Shklyar, Shpunt, Sidelnik, Sieradski, Silberay, Silbermann, Simon, Simovitz, Singer, Sinkevich, Sirkis, Slobotzki, Slutzker, Snider, Sobel, Sofer, Sokol, Soloveitchik, Solki, Sonnenberg, Sorkin, Spiwak, Srul, Starociliz, Steinheim, Steinberg, Sterling, Sterfeld, Stern, Sternberger, Strassburg, Strauss, Strumilovsky, Surek, Szafirsztajn, Szuldberg, Sztrumpf.
T: Taub, Taubworcel, Tenenbaum, Tennenhaus, Teomim, Teper, Teszner, Thal, Tobiansky, Traub, Treumann, Tropauer, Tsigliarsky, Tsitron, Turner, Turnheim, Tybet, Tyktyn, Tzigelovski, Tzigutkin, Tzimer, Tzina, Tzitron, Tzukerman.
V: Vanos, Vaisberg, Veugelers, Veszeli, Vikhman, Vimintz, Voigt, Volovich, Von Wertheimstein, Vorin.
W: Wacker, Waisberg, Waksman, Wallerstein, Weil, Wein, Weiler, Wein, Weinberg, Weinreich, Weinschenk, Weinsteiner, Wengrowski, Wertheimer, Wiatrak, Wiener, Wilenski, Wohl, Wolfsohn.
Y: Yabes, Yosim.
Z: Zabezhinskii, Zachayus, Zak, Zajac, Zajdenszmier, Zajdenwerk, Zaydman, Zeligson, Zelikovitz, Zelzer, Zhitomirskii, Zilberman, Ziller, Zisle, Zizemsky, Zlatkes, Zweig, Zylberstein.
Variations of this family name include Naemark, Naimark, Najmorg, Najmork, Naumark, Neimark, Neimarks, Nejmarc, Nemark, Neumarck, Neumarg, Naemark, Najmark, Naymarg, Naymark, Nejmark, Nejmarkh, Nejmork, Neymark, Neymarq, Nimark, Nojmark, Noymark, Nymark.
Royalty III, Pablo Edronkin.
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