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This is an interesting family name that links by means of intermarriage in the XIX several important families of Warsaw and Kraków.
"The preservation of the Jew was certainly not casual. He has endured through the power of a certain ideal, based on the recognition of a Higher Power in human affairs. Time after time in his history, moreover, he has been saved from disaster in a manner, which cannot be described excepting as 'providential.' The author has deliberately attempted to write this book in a secular spirit; he does not think that his readers can fail to see in it, on every page, a higher immanence." - Cecil Roth.
We cannot be sure at least at this point about a relationship between every person named Lerner in Poland, but the family name seems to have been more prolific in the Lwów are than anywhere else, followed by Kraków and Siedlice. In Warsaw, the number of people bearing that surname is about on seventh of those in Lwów, which is especially significant since Warsaw always had a bigger population. So we can say that quite likely the family was not from the capital.
But in Warsaw and Kraków, within the context of the Gesinde, the Lerner family played an important link because in joined together several prominent families and are also proof of the link between various branches within those families. For example, the Lerners were married to the Schoenbergs of Warsaw and those of Kraków, and there are proven links between the Lerners of those two cities. Aside from the fact that the Schoenberg family related to rabbis comes from a single ancestor (see Dom Iago de Sampayo y Belmonte) and both the Warsaw and Kraków branch are related to well-known rabbinical names, the fact that both Schoenberg branches are linked to some other families that appear in both cities, like Lerner and Blat, proves that they were close and kept in touch. They were not divergent family branches by any standard.
However, several of the surnames to which the Lerners were related do not find correlation in other families of the Gesinde. In the case of names such as Schoenberg, Rotenberg or Rothschild, there are almost no surnames that are not married with other families of the Gesinde. These family names were among the most-prominent within the clan so marriages with them were highly-prized, acting as effective attractors while other families were not so relevant and in fact acted as the attracted ones (see Gesinde - A Coalition of Banking Families).
We can say that families like Lerner were probably "just starting with their membership" and so they had a higher rate of marriages outside the clan, while older, more established families almost never married outside, and when they did, it was to well-known families from outside.
Some of the family names to which the Lerner name appears related directly in Warsaw and Kraków are:
B: Beck, Bekerman, Berger, Bernkopf, Biberstein, Blat, Boco, Buhrer, Borenstein, Brand, Buchsbaum, Buchstahl.
D: David, Dembow, Doctor.
F: Fass, Felber, Fischer, Friedman, Fürst.
G: Gelipter, Glaser, Glikson, Gonczar, Grünhut, Gruszkowicz.
H: Halpern, Haubenstock, Himmelblau, Holzer, Hönig, Horn, Horowitz, Huppert.
K: Kahane, Kaplan, Katzenellenbogen, Klipsten, Kohn, Korn, Kornhauser, Kracher, Krakauer, Krautler, Kurz.
L: Lacman, Lauterstein, Levi, Liwzenberg, Lobzower, Lorchman, Löwenstein.
M: Malz, Meisels, Monheit
N: Namenwirth, Neumann, Nicki.
P: Papir, Pasternak, Peiper, Piker, Posner, Prechner, Puderleuter, Pufeles.
R: Rafeld, Rand, Rapaport, Rathaus, Rayt, Reiter, Ribelman, Riemer, Rosner, Rotenberg, Rotenstein, Rozen, Ruddermann.
S: Schlaglied, Schloss, Schoenberg, Schorr, Silberman, Söchner, Sporn, Susskind, Szaje, Szpira, Szarfstrum, Szerman, Szladowski.
T: Taglicht, Tzina.
V: Vielfreud, Vogler.
W: Wachsstock, Wajner, Wajsbrot, Wartsmann, Weber, Weinberg, Wittenberg, Wohlman.
Z: Zangen, Zilberberg, Zyskind.
All this points to the conclusion that the Lerners were probably newcomers into the Gesinde and hence, they could marry some of its members within it, while other members of that family married with people from outside the clan. This can be observed in general, in all places where people from the Lerner family lived in Poland. The proportion of "famous" surnames married to them is somewhat lower than in other cases. So the family was on the way up. Had been Lerner a new family name adopted by an older, established family branch, it would have appeared immediately connected with other established families in larger numbers.
However, the Lerner family name seems to have lost importance during the early XX century in Warsaw, probably due to marriage of females with a much lesser number of males who could have transmitted the surname to further generations, or by emigration.
Royalty III, Pablo Edronkin.
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