The Gea Org.

Navigation with Distance, Time, and Pace (II)

By Robert Finlay of

Edited by Federico Ferrero

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- Taking Notes: Use a pencil and highlighter during every outdoor adventure you do and make notes directly on your maps, keep them, and use them as a reference for study.

Be specific, list on the map the fundamentals that you used and practiced on that particular excursion. You will have eventually compiled your own book on navigation.

On every adventure you will be exposed to many navigational experiences but without written notes your learning curve stretches from a single season to years.

- Tools:

These are the tools: Do not leave your home without them.
·Map, of course
·Map case or Ziploc will keep the map in better shape longer
·Declination adjustable compass
·Rugged watch that you don't mind getting scratched
·Altimeter is often useful in canyons or in high mountains especially during inclement weather

- Basic Starting Procedure:

Basic Steps to navigating any adventure:

·Before you leave the house, make sure you have the tools to navigate.

·After you have been at the start a few minutes set your altimeter to the elevation (giving your altimeter a few minutes allows the internal barometer to adjust).

·Step away from your car with map and compass (the car will effect the magnetic needle) and orient the map and then orient yourself.

·You must break the course down into increments or legs.

·You must remember that navigation is keeping track of your position as you move away from a known point. Before you move away from a known point, have a plan. Know what direction your going.

·You must determine the distance to the end of your leg.

·Estimate the time required to complete your next leg.

·Keep track of the time while moving along on the leg that you defined; constantly keep track of your changing position.

These steps seem quite obvious and they are, but they need to become ingrained into your procedure.

You will goof occasionally because you forgot one of them; that is the learning process.

I strongly emphasize keeping notes because that will shorten the learning process. After a while and with some practice you will become expert.

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